THE MARITIME BOUNDARIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF LEBANON
In 2007, Lebanon signed an agreement with Cyprus on the delimitation of their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). As stipulated by the Law of the Sea, the two southernmost and northern most points of the Lebanese EEZ were left for further negotiations with neighboring countries namely Israel1 and Syria. The agreement was never ratified by the Lebanese government. On the other hand, Israel marked the northern point of its EEZ on the western point of Lebanon’s proposed border with Cyprus (known as point one) thus pushing its EEZ boundaries with Lebanon 17 km north and creating a sliver of at least 860 square kilometers in dispute. Israel’s announcement of gas discoveries in the Tamar, Leviathan and Tanin fields has also spurred reactions from Lebanese officials claiming that the gas fields fall within Lebanon’s EEZ.