Social and Local Development


The Poverty and Equity implications of a rise in the value added tax

This paper examines the impact of a rise in the Value Added Tax (VAT) on poverty and inequality in Lebanon. It develops an empirical model based on consumer demand theory and uses only household survey data on expenditures and spatial price indexes. more


The Syrian Crisis

Lebanon is characterized by a fragile political stability, a deficient economic situation and structural regional imbalances prior to the Syrian conflict and the arrival of Syrian refugees. As a result, the impact of the Syrian crisis exacerbates the deficiencies of the country in general and themore


UNDP Brochure # 1

More than one million Syrians and Palestinians have crossed the border with Lebanon over the past three years, fleeing from the unbearable suffering brought by the war. They live within Lebanese communities across the country, but are primarily concentrated in deprived areas of the North andmore