The 2013-2014 Lebanon Millennium Development Goals report was produced with financial assistance from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The report is a joint effort by the Lebanese Government and the United Nations in Lebanon. The preparation of the report was led by the United Nations Development Programme and the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR).
Eight Goals for 2015
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
Lebanon Millennium Development Goals Report 2013-2014
Lebanon’s track record with the MDGs remains mixed overall. This uneven record comes two years before the 2015 deadline. Within such a short time frame and as the country is facing significant threats, it is essential to take action to protect any achievements made. Accordingly, based on the analysis of the MDG record in the previous chapters, the first part of this chapter will provide broad suggestions for priority areas where interventions are required. At the same time, as global discussions are also under way to set a post-2015 developmental agenda, evaluating Lebanon’s experience in terms of how the MDG framework has impacted its development trajectory is also important, even though conclusions cannot be fully asserted in the absence of counterfactuals. Such a broad analysis looks into two main impact areas of the MDGs: policymaking in general and improving data and statistics.
Priorities to Sustain MDG Achievements:
Lebanon has achieved at least seven targets of the MDGs, mainly in health, primary education and gender equality in education. The remaining targets show mixed results, or are not applicable to Lebanon, or are not expected to be achieved on time. Most critical of the latter are poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. As the country faces an aggravating humanitarian crisis from the Syrian refugee influx that unveiled Lebanon’s development weaknesses, as the macroeconomic challenges mount, and as a political deadlock prevents any strategic decision-making, the outlook is not expected to unfold a significant transformation before the 2015 milestone. Lebanon’s most realistic bet in the short term, given constraining circumstances, is to try and protect the MDG achievements made and contain any deterioration in poverty levels and environmental sustainability, while maintaining macroeconomic stability. At the same time, the MDG framework has helped identify key areas for dealing with the problems faced by the significant refugee population in Lebanon, even though the MDG framework itself does not include any refugee-specific target. In order to protect achievements, policy response needs to move from being reactive to being proactive. This cannot be achieved without the political will to support decision-making. Most public administrations are trying to be pre-emptive, yet need to advance in planning, coordination, and this requires a fully operational Cabinet, and an active parliament for providing legislation, monitoring, and evaluation. A development-oriented approach in dealing with refugee assistance is essential in targeting both refugees and host population community needs. The refugee influx to Lebanon has managed to attract attention to the situation of host communities, which are mostly in remote areas that have been underserved for long periods. Although refugees are imposing a burden on local communitiesand economies, draining public resources and services and straining the environment, if policy action is taken, they could also benefit host communities by providing temporary cheap labour to local producers, expanding consumer markets for local basic goods, and justifying increased foreign aid.
Latest MDG Reports
The 2008 MDGR highlights efforts towards achieving the goals, and articulates the main challenges and opportunities, as well as put forth recommendations for decision-makers and other concerned stakeholders for achieving the MDGs.