6 Reduce child mortality

Where we are?


MDG 4 has been achieved and has reached comparable rates to developed
countries. Overall, Lebanon is doing well in children’s health, yet more can be done to ensure
fairness in access and to raise quality of services.
Situation Analysis: Achievements And Challenges
Under-5 mortality and infant mortality rates have fallen to a third of their 1996 level (table 6.1). According to data available from the Ministry of Public Health, the main causes of mortality among children below 5 years of age in Lebanon are neonatal causes (65 per cent), injuries (11 per cent), pneumonia (1 per cent) and diarrhoea (1 per cent). Twenty-two per cent of deaths result from  unknown causes.


Vaccination coverage has increased to almost full coverage, as a result of significant efforts led by the Ministry of Public Health, along with the private sector and civil society, to build the capacity
of the primary health-care system and reach out to the whole population. The Ministry of Public Health, in collaboration with the private sector, has revised the national vaccination calendar in order to progressively introduce new vaccines that will reinforce routine vaccination. Substantial steps have also been undertaken to ensure the quality of the storage of vaccines and improve their transportation at both the central and peripheral levels. However, it has been noted that some barriers to access children vaccination still exist, such as that doctors often charge a consultation fee, even though the Ministry of Public Health provides free vaccinations.

UNDP's work in Lebanon

  • UNDP Lebanon - Child being vaccinated at Deir el Amar Health clinic

    Increase Vaccination coverage for children from 31% to 95% in Deir Amar
      30 January 2009  image UNDP Lebanon - Child being vaccinated at Deir el Amar Health Clinic  Under the patronage of H.E. Dr. Mohammad Jawad Khalifeh, Minister of Public Health, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Italian Embassy in cooperation with the Municipality of Deir Amar are pleased to invite you to attend the launching ceremony of Health clinic in Deir Amar on 30 January 2009 at 1:30 pm.  On this occasion, speeches will be delivered by Dr. Mohamed Ghemraoui, Chairman of Public Health Unit in North Lebanon representing H.E. the Minister of Public Health Dr. Mohammad Jawad Khaliefh; Ms. Marta Ruedas UNDP Resident Representative, H.E Mr. Gabriele Checchia, Ambassador of Italy in Lebanon, Mr. Ahmad Eid, Mayor of Deir Amar Municipality, and Dr. Hassan Eid, Director of the health Center.  The primary health care clinic will provide quality health services to the population of Deir Amar and the surrounding areas (Beddawi, Bhnine, Minnieh, and Muhammara).  Funded by the Italian Government, UNDP launched “early Recovery of Nahr El Bared surrounding Municipalities” in 2008. The project included five components:  1) Restoring and improving infrastructure through the repair/upgrading of public assets such as repair of roads, public lightning and other social infrastructure;  2) Partially restoring livelihoods through the repair/upgrading of private assets targeting namely the fishing communities, agriculture sector, SMEs and Lebanese population living inside Naher El Bared Camp;  3) Providing support to the coordination and implementation of early recovery interventions mainly through UNDP’s support to the Lebanese and Palestinian Dialogue Committee (LPDC) in terms of support to human resources and transparent tracking of donor resources;  4) Youth and reconciliation targeting both Lebanese and Palestinian youth;  5) Capacity building targeting mainly: a) key local governance actors in the surrounding municipalities aiming at enhance their capacity to play a significant role in promoting sustainable recovery and development; b) community based organizations in order to be active in the overall process of recovery and development and to ensure the sustainability of all interventions already undertaken by UN-Agencies and International NGOs in the area.  “Italy has decided to finance this UNDP project in the framework of its overall commitment to support Lebanon and the Lebanese population also in the aftermath of the Nahr El Bared crisis – said the Ambassador of Italy, Gabriele Checchia - having in mind that any material reconstruction starts from the reconstruction of trust and solidarity. This region went through the most dramatic events, and its reconstruction needs to be based on an integrated approach, which takes into account the needs and expectations of both the Palestianian refugees in the camps and those of the inhabitants of neighboring Lebanese municipalities who have also suffered from the summer 2007 events”. SHARE SHARE

    The primary health care clinic will provide quality health services to the population of Deir Amar and the surrounding areas (Beddawi, Bhnine, Minnieh, and Muhammara). Funded by the Italian Government, UNDP launched “early Recovery of Nahr El Bared surrounding Municipalities” in 2008.more

0.68 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles