6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
MDG 4 has been achieved and has reached comparable rates to developed
countries. Overall, Lebanon is doing well in children’s health, yet more can be done to ensure
fairness in access and to raise quality of services.
Situation Analysis: Achievements And Challenges
Under-5 mortality and infant mortality rates have fallen to a third of their 1996 level (table 6.1). According to data available from the Ministry of Public Health, the main causes of mortality among children below 5 years of age in Lebanon are neonatal causes (65 per cent), injuries (11 per cent), pneumonia (1 per cent) and diarrhoea (1 per cent). Twenty-two per cent of deaths result from unknown causes.
Vaccination coverage has increased to almost full coverage, as a result of significant efforts led by the Ministry of Public Health, along with the private sector and civil society, to build the capacity
of the primary health-care system and reach out to the whole population. The Ministry of Public Health, in collaboration with the private sector, has revised the national vaccination calendar in order to progressively introduce new vaccines that will reinforce routine vaccination. Substantial steps have also been undertaken to ensure the quality of the storage of vaccines and improve their transportation at both the central and peripheral levels. However, it has been noted that some barriers to access children vaccination still exist, such as that doctors often charge a consultation fee, even though the Ministry of Public Health provides free vaccinations.
UNDP's work in Lebanon
UNDP improved the quality of Medical and Education Services at the Social Development Center in Bab Al Tebbaneh - Tripoli
There are around 60,000 inhabitants in Bab Al Tebbaneh area. This area is among the poorest in Lebanon. Most of its people are not covered by medical insurance, do not get social welfare or have access to public quality health and social services.more
The primary health care clinic will provide quality health services to the population of Deir Amar and the surrounding areas (Beddawi, Bhnine, Minnieh, and Muhammara). Funded by the Italian Government, UNDP launched “early Recovery of Nahr El Bared surrounding Municipalities” in 2008.more
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles