6 Improve maternal health
Where we are?
Maternal health is an area in which Lebanon has recorded success. Lebanon has made significant
progress in reducing maternal mortality and has reached the MDG 5 targets.
Situation Analysis: Achievements And Challenges
The maternal mortality ratio has decreased in Lebanon by more than two thirds compared to the 1990s, to reach a ratio of 25 per 100,000 live births in 2010 (table 7.1). That progress places Lebanon in a higher league than its regional peers, which register ratios around 10 times higher (WHO 2013a). The proportion of births attended by skilled personnel was 98 percent in 2004, and was estimated in 2009 at slightly below that rate. Likewise, the proportion of pregnant women receiving antenatal care is above the 95 percent threshold, though there are not many details on whether they make multiple visits versus a single visit.
The upgrading of the primary health-care system over the last decade, including the recent expansion of primary health-care centres supported by the Ministry of Public Health, has contributed significantly to the progress made. All active primary health-care centres supported by the ministry offer reproductive health services and refer patients requiring further treatment to an appropriate district hospital. Children and women, especially mothers, benefit most. In 2013, the number of pregnant women benefiting from the centres’ services was 40,651, the equivalent of 45 per cent of all pregnant women in Lebanon (Ministry of Public Health 2013a).
UNDP's work in Lebanon
Since 1983, the Kferhabou Health Clinic has offered primary health services to the local community and seven other neighboring villages. Today, the medical services provided include: general medicine, pediatrics, cardiology, neurology, orthopedics and dental caremore
Having a heart condition meant serious trouble for patients in the northern village of Meshmesh. This was the case a year ago. Then, the Municipal Mother and Child Health Clinic had no capacity to offer cardiovascular diagnoses.more
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG 5
- Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
- Most maternal deaths could be avoided
- Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
- The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
- Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
- More women are receiving antenatal care
- Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
- Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
- Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
- Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
- Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education