6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?


9- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
10- Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
11- Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
12- Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.

It remains unknown as to whether Lebanon will achieve this target, but a new MDG Report in 2008 will provide more specific progress over time based on further data analysis. Overall, progress was made towards environmental sustainability until early 2006, at which time Lebanon was ranked 36 out of 133 countries and came in first within the Arab region on the Environmental Performance Index (EPI). However, the July/August 2006 War with Israel caused significant environmental damage and imposed a significant economic burden. Water availability remains a critical issue of national importance in Lebanon due to the high demand for water, the large losses in the public water distribution networks and the high level of water pollution. In 1996, 79.3% of dwellings had sustainable access to water, with the target set at 90% in 2015. Access to wastewater networks continues to grow steadily, with 67.4% of total dwellings having access in 2004.

Solid waste in Lebanon continues to be a major environmental problem with more than 700 open dumps used by the municipalities and where 50 % of this waste is burned. This causes major underground water pollution and air pollution.

Biodiversity loss and land degradation numbers eroded further due to the July/August 2006 war which left over one million cluster bombs spread over Lebanon and the summer 2007  devastating forest fires hitting large areas of land across the country, destroying more than 2350 hectares of natural forests.

UNDP's work in Lebanon

  • UNDP LEBANON - INSTALLATION OF SWH FACILITIES

    UNDP in the Energy Saving Spotlight
     UNDP in the Energy Saving Spotlight

    It may seem that such issues may not directly affect Lebanon, but Lebanon has more of a reason to be concerned. For such a small country with a relatively low population, its energy consumption per capita is severely disproportionate and as such its carbon emissions are very high.more

  • UNDP Lebanon women working in cultivating wild sage, a medicinal and aromatic plant-Akkar North Lebanon

    Harvesting wild sage in Mejdel Akkar
    Harvesting wild sage in Mejdel Akkar

    In one of the highest mountains of Mejdel Akkar in North Lebanon, far away from the noisiness of the hectic city, three women harvest sage from the wild.more

1.17 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums