Towards Sustainable Solutions for Improved Living Conditions of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon
In the aftermath of Nahr el Bared Camp (NBC) crisis in 2007, the notion of Adjacent Area (AA) emerged to indicate the informal expansion of the camp, locally known as the “New Camp”. In this context, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) carried out a field assessment to (1) examine the state of basic urban services (water, sewerage, solid waste collection, electricity, road networks) in Nahr el Bared Adjacent Area and the hosting town of Muhammara and (2) identify major shortfalls in these areas. It is worth mentioning here that the NBC (AA) reconstruction represents a unique experience for the Government’s involvement in issues related to Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.
In 2009, UN-HABITAT and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) joined their efforts to extend the research on access to basic urban services (BUS) to cover all Adjacent Areas of Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon. The research entitled ‘Investigating Grey Ares: Access to Basic Urban Services in the Adjacent Areas of Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon’ aimed to shed light on the situation of the Palestinian refugees living in these areas, understand the mechanisms and the governance of BUS delivery and guide future strategies and policies that would improve access to BUS in the Adjacent Areas as part of their wider context.
Achievements & Expected Results
UNDP and UN-HABITAT will work towards the outcomes of the following Titles:
1. Establish and maintain knowledge base of the informal gatherings (including Adjacent Areas) with focus on access to basic services through the establishment of a national observatory, together with LPDC
2. Collaborative mechanism established between Palestinians and Lebanese in Saida Area
3. Strengthen the role of existing joint Lebanese-Palestinian Committee in Beddawi to carry out and continue joint activities
4. Implement at least four upgrading and/or infrastructure projects in selected Adjacent Areas
Achievements of the entire project has been completed so far:
-Completion of a Rapid Needs Assessment of Gatherings in Lebanon, in partnership with PARD local NGO
- Development of a geographic database of gatherings, using GIS, including main information on living conditions, needs and projects and interventions in the gatherings
-Implementation of six urgent infrastructure projects in the Adjacent Areas of Ain el Helwe Camp, South Lebanon
- Carrying out Community Mapping of Ain el Helwe Adjacent Areas in order to identify main issues and needs pertaining to the living urban environment and peace building and studying linkages between the two;
- Launching works in Ain el Helwe Adjacent Areas to support local communities develop a Participatory Community Plan for improving living conditions;
-Support provided to the Municipality of Darb el Sim to implement a number of joint infrastructure projects in Darb el Sim, South Lebanon that benefit both the Lebanese and Palestinian communities and agreeing on coordination mechanisms;
- Support provided to the Municipality of Mieh Mieh to implement a number of joint infrastructure projects in Mieh Mieh, South Lebanon that benefit both the Lebanese and Palestinian communities and agreeing on coordination mechanisms.