At the upstream level, UNDP provides advice for the development of national policies for social development and poverty reduction and makes available relevant reports and assessments. UNDP has recently completed a rapid national poverty assessment and is continuing to provide its support at the national level to enable the concerned national institutions to cope with the impact of the Syrian crisis.
At the downstream level, UNDP supports the implementation of local development initiatives in the poorest areas of the country. More than 50 socio-economic initiatives have been implemented annually since 2009 using a participatory approach and coordinated closely with the local/regional working groups, local authorities, and relevant ministries in the neediest regions in Lebanon. These initiatives include agricultural, health, education, social integration, and support to vulnerable youth and women, and income-generating projects.
Facing the effect of the Syrian crisis and the high influx of Syrian refugees to Lebanon, UNDP has focused on supporting the affected communities through improving livelihoods and service provision in a conflict sensitive manner using inclusive community based approach.
UNDP is working on strengthening the capacity of emerging sub-national institutions, such as MoSA Social Development Centers, to enable them to assume a stronger role in the coordination and implementation of activities within municipalities, and help them make connections to relevant national bodies.
Given the importance of job creation and the need for a coordinated, large scale, response, UNDP is linking the immediate recovery response to long-term sustainable growth, strategic partnerships with partners, and upstream policy support. On the short term, UNDP is implementing interventions that generate short-term jobs in community infrastructure, agriculture and the environment. In the medium to long-term the focus is on SMEs, value chains and employability.
Facing the effect of the Syrian crisis and the high influx of Syrian refugees to Lebanon, UNDP launched in 2013 the Lebanon Host Communities Support Programme (LHSP) in partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs, to support the affected Lebanese communities through improving livelihoods and service provision in a conflict sensitive manner using inclusive community based approach. Around 250 most vulnerable communities were assessed using a participatory approach (Mapping of Risks and Resources) and more than 450 interventions were implemented since 2013 across different sectors, including health, education, livelihood, water and waste management, targeting so far 156 of the most vulnerable host communities and benefiting more than 1.1 million inhabitants. UNDP also mobilized and attracted a number of Decentralized Cooperation initiatives with partners from European communities.
In 2016, following the last municipal elections, UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities, Ministry of Social Affairs and the Institute of Finance, launched a capacity development programme, similar to the one implemented following the 2010 elections, targeting 300 municipalities to empower newly elected members of councils in the field of local governance and related matters.
Within the objective of building linkages between the government and the local authorities UNDP, the Ministry of Public Health, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education, and the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities have signed an agreement in 2014 titled “Support to Integrated Service Provision at the local level”. The aim of the agreement is to develop integrated territorial plans for social and health services at the local level.
In order not to exclude Lebanese expatriates from involvement in their country’s development process, the UNDP Live Lebanon initiative was launched in 2009 in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants. Live Lebanon operates as a neutral channel through which expatriates and private companies can provide direct support to the development of Lebanon's underprivileged communities. Since 2010, it as has implemented 56 successful projects that have had a huge impact on health, environment, education, and job creation in deprived communities.