Short Title: KCEP
UNDP Programme/Portfolio: Environment & Energy
Geographic Coverage: Lebanon
Project Status: Ongoing
Start Date: 01 July 2018
Expected End Date: 31 December 2020
Implementing Agency: UNDP (Direct Execution) (UNDP)
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has the objective to phase-out the ozone depleting substances (ODSs) that are released to the atmosphere. Contrary to the Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) that pursue reductions in the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), the Montreal Protocol focuses on the elimination of the sources of these ODS: their production and consumption (imports).
Under the Montreal Protocol, the A-5 countries are eligible to receive financial support to comply with the phase-out ODS consumption by deploying a series of technical assistance and industrial conversion projects, at country level, so producing and consuming sectors can abandon the use of these substances.
Furthermore, in order to further protect the climate and the ozone layer, in October of 2016, during the 28th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer held in Rwanda, more than 170 countries agreed to amend the Protocol through what was called the “Kigali Amendment”. The Kigali Agreement establishes specific targets and timetables to phase-down the production and consumption of HFCs, and carries an agreement by developed countries to help finance the transition of developing countries to climate-friendly substances, through a global commitment that will avoid more than 80 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions by 2050.
In addition, countries also agreed to begin examining opportunities to enhance the energy efficiency of the appliances and equipment to achieve additional GHGs mitigation, while also delivering additional sustainable development benefits such as better air quality, improved public health, improved energy access and energy security. It is important to note that the efforts made by countries to phase-down the HFCs can be part of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), under the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Under this scenario, 17 foundations and individuals have pledged a contribution of USD $51 million to support developing nations in the transition to more energy-efficient cooling solutions through a separate funding mechanism called the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Programme (K-CEP), with the goal to “significantly increase and accelerate the climate and development benefits of the Montreal Protocol refrigerant transition by maximizing a simultaneous improvement in the energy efficiency of cooling.”
Lebanon, through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), has received financial assistance from the K-CEP in the form of three technical assistance projects to improve energy efficiency capacities, in the cooling sector, in the country and to achieve the K-CEP goals under its windows 1 and 2.
Achievements & Expected Resutls
- Kick off meeting of the National Cooling Plan and creation of the a stakeholder group to assist on the National Cool Plan;
- Review and approval of the inception report of the National Cool plan in close coordination with UNDP and consultants;
- Follow up with the consultants and stakeholders on data collection for the submission of the second deliverable of the national Cool plan (Expected end of July): (1)Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector Survey Assessment Analysis with key findings and recommendations (2)Overview and Projection of Electricity Consumption in the RAC Sector and Electricity Demand in Lebanon (3) Assessment of the RAC Energy Efficiency Regulation (Task 3)
This intervention aims at assiting Lebanon in developing policies, standards and the appropriate regulatory framework and to integrate energy efficiency interventions to the current work underway within the overall Montreal Protocol Programme, by providing complementary training and capacity building in energy efficiency to Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) technicians and engineers. As well as in developing policies, standards and the appropriate framework to implement minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and to develop a roadmap for accelerating market transformation in the domestic refrigeration and air-conditioning sectors, which are growing rapidly.